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Table 2 IADL disability prevalence (in %) for ages 55-65 by gender and country

From: Disability prevalence in midlife (aged 55–65 years): Cross-Country comparisons of gender differences and time trends

Country 2004/2005 Prevalence 2014/2015 Prevalence Difference over Time
Men Women Difference Men Women Difference Men `Women
Estimate SE Estimate SE Estimate SE Estimate SE
Austria 2.0% 0.8% 3.6% 1.0% 1.6% 2.5% 0.8% 3.2% 0.9% 0.7%   0.5% -0.5%
Belgium 2.4% 0.7% 4.9% 0.9% 2.5%* 4.4% 0.7% 4.9% 0.8% 0.5% 2.0%* 0.0%
China . . . .   9.7% 0.8% 17.8% 0.7% 8.1%***   
Croatia . . . .   1.8% 0.6% 3.3% 0.8% 1.5%   
Czechia 1.9% 0.6% 2.2% 0.6% 0.3% 3.9% 0.8% 3.3% 0.6% -0.7% 2.1%* 1.1%
Denmark 2.7% 1.0% 4.9% 1.2% 2.2% 2.6% 0.7% 3.6% 0.7% 1.1% -0.2% -1.3%
England 7.5% 0.7% 9.2% 0.7% 1.7% 4.4% 0.7% 9.5% 1.0% 5.1%*** -3.1%*** 0.3%
Estonia . . . .   5.0% 0.9% 4.9% 0.7% 0.0%   
France 2.7% 0.7% 2.2% 0.6% -0.5% 3.8% 0.8% 5.0% 0.9% 1.2% 1.1% 2.7%**
Germany 3.2% 0.9% 3.9% 0.9% 0.8% 1.5% 0.5% 3.5% 0.7% 2.0% -1.7% -0.5%
Greece 0.4% 0.3% 2.9% 0.9% 2.5%** 1.7% 0.5% 3.0% 0.6% 1.2% 1.4%* 0.0%
Israel 4.8% 1.6% 7.7% 1.6% 2.8% 5.6% 3.1% 10.7% 2.4% 5.1% 0.8% 3.0%
Italy 3.9% 1.0% 3.1% 0.7% -0.8% 2.6% 0.6% 3.4% 0.7% 0.8% -1.3% 0.3%
Korea 3.2% 0.5% 3.1% 0.5% -0.1% 2.1% 0.5% 0.8% 0.2% -1.3%* -1.1% -2.3%***
Luxembourg . . . .   3.9% 1.2% 3.4% 1.0% -0.6%   
Mexico 2.5% 0.5% 5.7% 0.7% 3.3%*** 3.2% 0.6% 7.3% 1.1% 4.1%** 0.7% 1.6%
Poland 7.4% 1.3% 7.6% 1.2% 0.2% 7.7% 2.2% 3.4% 1.0% -4.3% 0.3% -4.2%**
Portugal . . . .   10.3% 6.3% 3.9% 1.1% -6.4%   
Slovenia . . . .   2.8% 0.7% 2.4% 0.6% -0.5%   
Spain 3.0% 1.3% 2.9% 0.8% -0.1% 2.2% 0.7% 1.0% 0.4% -1.1% -0.8% -1.9%*
Sweden 2.8% 0.8% 3.8% 0.8% 1.0% 1.1% 0.5% 5.9% 1.3% 4.8%*** -1.7% 2.1%
Switzerland 0.6% 0.6% 3.5% 1.4% 3.0% 1.4% 0.7% 1.8% 0.5% 0.4% 0.9% -1.7%
USA 6.2% 0.6% 8.7% 0.6% 2.5%** 9.2% 0.6% 10.6% 0.6% 1.4% 2.9%*** 1.9%*
Mean 3.4%   4.7%   1.3% 4.1%   5.1%   1.0% 0.2% 0.0%
Range 7.1   7.0   4.1 9.2   17.0   14.5 6.1 7.2
Ratio 19.7   4.2    9.6   21.5     
  1. Notes: [1] Disability prevalence is the percentage of the population having an IADL disability at that time estimated using weights which account for sampling design and potential bias from with response rates.
  2. [2] Disability is indicated by having difficulty with at least one of three instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) tasks: managing money, taking medications, and shopping for groceries.
  3. [3] The range is the maximum value for an estimate minus the minimum value for an estimate, while the ratio is the maximum value for an estimate divided by the minimum value for an estimate.
  4. [4] *indicates significance at the 0.05 level, ** indicates significance at the 0.01 level, *** indicates significance at the 0.001 level.