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Table 3 Logistic regression analyses of symptom reports. 95% Confidence Intervals shown for Odds Ratios

From: Stress and the menopausal transition in Campeche, Mexico

With PSS scores With CRPPlasma With EBV−Ab
Variable Odds Ratio (95% CI) Signif. Variable Odds Ratio (95% CI) Signif. Variable Odds Ratio (95% CI) Signif.
Tiredness
 PSS Score 1.22 (1.13−1.32) < 0.001 [none remained in model] Parity 1.41
0.94−2.10
< 0.1
 Parity 1.36 (1.02−1.83) < 0.05   
Muscle and Joint Pain
 PSS Score 1.11 (1.04−1.18) < 0.001 SES 0.80 0.64−1.01 < 0.1 [none remained in model]
 Education 0.95 (0.80−0.95) < 0.01   
Nervous or Tense
 PSS Score 1.12 (1.06−1.18) < 0.001 Cohabiting (ref) EBV-Ab 1.76 (1.00−3.12) = 0.05
not cohabiting 0.41 (0.19−1.01) < 0.05
 Parity 1.36 (1.06−1.74) < 0.05   Cohabiting (ref)   
not cohabiting 0.39 (0.18−0.85) < 0.05
 BMI 0.96 0.91−1.01 < 0.1   
Problems concentrating
 PSS Score 1.14 (1.08−1.21) < 0.001 Menopause
Pre- (Ref)
Non-smoker (ref)
Peri- 3.99 (1.31−12.09) < 0.05 Smoker 3.50 (0.97-12.59) < 0.1
Post- 1.57 (0.65−3.80) ns    
  BMI 1.09 (1.00−1.19) < 0.05  
Depressed mood
 PSS Score 1.14 (1.07−1.20) < 0.001 BMI 1.10 (1.02−1.18) < 0.05 BMI 1.09 (1.01−1.18) < 0.05
 BMI 1.07 (1.02−1.13) = 0.01   Education 0.92 (0.83−1.01) < 0.1
Difficulty sleeping
 PSS Score 1.18 (1.11−1.25) < 0.001 Education 0.85 (0.76−0.96) = 0.01 Education 0.91 (0.81−1.01) < 0.1
 Cohabiting (ref) Menopause Pre- (Ref) BMI 0.94 (0.87−1.01) < 0.1
  Not cohabiting 2.04 (1.12−3.70) < 0.05    
Peri- 1.21 (0.49−2.98) ns
Post- 3.56 (1.37−9.25) < 0.05
Ethnicity   Ethnicity
 Maya (ref)     Maya (ref)   
 Non-Maya 0.53 (0.30−0.92) < 0.05  Non-Maya 0.34 (0.16−0.74) < 0.01
Parity 1.25 (0.97−1.61) < 0.1   
Headaches
 PSS Score 1.06 (1.01−1.11) < 0.05 CRPPlasma 1.19 (0.97−1.45) p< 0.1 [none remained in model]
 Education 0.93 (0.87−0.99) < 0.05 Ethnicity
Maya (ref)
 
Non−Maya 2.24 (1.07−4.67) < 0.05
 Cohabiting (ref)   
  Not cohabiting 0.63 (0.38−1.05) < 0.1
Feeling of ants crawling on skin
 PSS Score 1.08 (1.03−1.13) = 0.002 CRPPlasma 1.22 1.00−1.49 < 0.1 Education 0.90 (0.81–1.00) = 0.05
  Menopause
 Pre- (ref)
 
 Peri- 2.89 (1.08−7.76) < 0.05  
 Post- 1.58 (0.69−3.66) ns  
Stress Incontinence
 PSS Score 1.05 (1.00−1.10) < 0.05 [none remained in model] [none remained in model]
 Menopause
  Pre- (ref)
  
  Peri- 0.72 (0.38−1.38) ns
  Post- 0.54 (0.30−0.95) < 0.05
Loss of interest in sex
 PSS Score 1.10 (1.04−1.15) < 0.001 Cohabiting (ref) Cohabiting (ref)
not cohabiting 0.30 (0.14−0.64) = 0.002 not cohabiting 0.48 (0.23–1.01) = 0.05
 Cohabiting (ref)   SES 0.83 (0.69−0.99) < 0.05
  Not cohabiting 0.26 (0.15−0.43) < 0.001
Ethnicity     
 Maya (ref)   
  Non-Maya 0.60 (0.36−1.02) < 0.1
Hot flashes
 PSS Score 1.07 (1.02−1.12) = 0.007 [none remained in model] Cohabiting (ref)
not cohabiting 0.54 (0.26–1.13) = 0.1
 Menopause
  Pre- (ref)
  Menopause
Pre- (ref)
  Peri- 1.90 (0.99−3.66) < 0.1 Peri- 2.12 (0.94−4.77) < 0.1
  Post- 1.73 (0.97−3.08) < 0.1 Post- 2.22 (0.91−5.43) <  0.1
Parity 1.23 (0.99−1.53) < 0.1   
Night sweats
 PSS Score 1.07 (1.02−1.13) = 0.004 CRPPlasma 1.26 (1.01−1.57) < 0.05    
 Cohabiting (ref) Cohabiting (ref) Cohabiting (ref)
  Not cohabiting 0.40 (0.23−0.69) = 0.001 not cohabiting 0.28 (0.12−0.63) = 0.002 not cohabiting 0.24 (0.11−0.53) < 0.001
 Menopause
  Pre- (ref)
Menopause
Pre- (ref)
Menopause
Pre- (ref)
  Peri- 2.06 (1.05−4.06) < 0.05 Peri- 2.37 (0.92−6.10) ns Peri- 3.03 (1.27−7.21) < 0.05
  Post- 2.12 (1.16−3.88) < 0.05 Post- 2.60 (1.05−6.42) < 0.05 Post- 2.02 (0.78−5.22) ns
  1. Variables entered into the logistic models: ethnicity, SES, education, cohabitation status, parity, smoking, body mass index, and menopausal status.  Significance set to p < = 0.001