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Table 2 Unadjusted and fully adjusted random effects model explaining perceived stress over increasing age

From: Perceived stress across the midlife: longitudinal changes among a diverse sample of women, the Study of Women’s health Across the Nation (SWAN)

  Unadjusted Parameters Fully Adjusted Model*
  β (95% CI) P (Type 3) β (95% CI) P (Type 3)
Intercept 7.93 (7.65, 8.20)
Age −0.06 (− 0.07, − 0.06) < 0.0001 −0.10 (− 0.12, − 0.08) < 0.0001
Race / Ethnicity   < 0.0001   < 0.0001
 White REF   REF  
 Black 0.16 (−0.02, 0.35)   −0.06 (− 0.26, 0.14)  
 Hispanic 2.06 (1.73, 2.39)   −0.33 (− 0.86, 0.20)  
 Japanese 0.71 (0.43, 0.99)   0.84 (0.47, 1.21)  
 Chinese 0.31 (0.01, 0.61)   0.28 (−0.11, 0.67)  
Difficulty paying for Basics (%)   < 0.0001   < 0.0001
 Not hard REF   REF  
 Somewhat Hard 1.26 (1.09, 1.43)   1.28 (1.06, 1.51)  
 Very Hard 2.20 (1.92, 2.48)   2.37 (2.00, 2.74)  
Education   < 0.0001   0.0016
 Less than High School 1.37 (1.03, 1.71)   0.34 (−0.02, 0.69)  
 High School REF   REF  
 College Degree −0.23 (− 0.43, − 0.02)   −0.02 (− 0.22, 0.18)  
 Post-College Degree −0.79 (− 0.99, − 0.60)   −0.32 (− 0.52, − 0.12)  
Site of Recruitment   < 0.0001   0.0487
 PA REF   REF  
 MI 0.67 (0.40, 0.95)   −0.20 (−0.54, 0.15)  
 MA 0.59 (0.3, 0.87)   0.01 (−0.34, 0.37)  
 IL 0.02 (−0.27, 0.31)   −0.04 (− 0.40, 0.32)  
 Oakland, CA 0.44 (0.15, 0.72)   0.03 (−0.39, 0.44)  
 Los Angeles, CA 0.61 (0.33, 0.89)   −0.59 (− 0.99, − 0.18)  
 NJ 2.21 (1.89, 2.53)   0.11 (−0.47, 0.70)  
Menopausal Status   < 0.0001
 Pre REF  
 Early peri −0.20 (−0.29, − 0.10)  
 Late peri −0.30 (− 0.42, − 0.17)  
 Post − 0.67 (− 0.76, − 0.58)  
 Unknown −0.33 (− 0.47, − 0.20)  
Age * Difficulty paying for Basics Interaction   < 0.0001
 Age*Not hard REF  
 Age*Somewhat Hard −0.02 (− 0.04, − 0.01)  
 Age*Very Hard − 0.05 (− 0.08, − 0.02)  
Age * Site Interaction   
 Age*PA REF < 0.0001
 Age*MI 0.08 (0.05, 0.10)  
 Age*MA 0.06 (0.03, 0.08)  
 Age*IL 0.02 (− 0.00, 0.05)  
 Age*Oakland, CA 0.04 (0.02, 0.07)  
 Age*Los Angeles, CA 0.09 (0.06, 0.11)  
 Age*NJ 0.21 (0.16, 0.26)  
  1. *The multivariate model includes all variables listed; menopausal status was not statistically significant (p > 0.05) in the final model